VSC Assisted Resonant Current (VARC) circuit breaker

Our technology is called VSC Assisted Resonant Current (VARC) circuit breaker. It relies on aVSC converter which excites an oscillation in an LC circuit. The video below illustrates the operating principle.

The time to achieve a sufficient gap between the mechanical contacts in the VI is at least one millisecond even if a very fast-acting actuator is utilized. The semiconductors, on the other hand, easily can be operated at a frequency of 10 kHz or higher. Therefore, the semiconductors can easily make many interventions during the time needed to execute the necessary separation of the mechanical contacts.

In the method, which is used by SCiBreak to create a current pulse with sufficient amplitude, a small number of semiconductors operate repetitively (during approximately 0.5 ms) rather than a large number of semiconductors operating simultaneously only one time in the breaking operation. In this way an improved utilization of the semiconductors have been reached, and the needed number of semiconductors have been reduced. The reduction factor may be as high as almost one order of magnitude.